Disease Information

Brain Tumor: Astrocytoma / Glioma

Alternate Names: Anaplastic astrocytoma, fibrillary astrocytoma, glioblastoma, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma (JPA), Pilocytic Astrocytoma ( PA), Pilomyxoid Astrocytoma ( PMA), pleomorphic xanthoastrocytom (PXA)


What are astrocytomas and gliomas?

Astrocytomas and gliomas are tumors that grow from brain cells called astrocytes. These cells are a type of glial cell. Glial cells make up the supportive tissue of the brain. An astrocytoma is a type of glioma.

Because the terms “astrocytoma” and “glioma” are commonly used to mean the same thing, “astrocytoma” is used here to refer to both.

Common sites for astrocytomas include the following:

Astrocytomas may be grouped by the way they look under the microscope:

Astrocytomas may be classified in this way:

In children, most astrocytomas are low-grade. In adults, most are high-grade.


How common is astrocytoma?


What are the symptoms of astrocytoma?

Astrocytoma symptoms vary widely. Some do not cause symptoms at all or not until they become large. In children, the types of symptoms depend on the following:

Symptoms may occur quickly in some children, slowly and gradually in others. Symptoms of astrocytoma include the following:


How is astrocytoma treated?

Along with surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also be used to kill any remaining tumor cells:


What are the survival rates for astrocytoma?

Survival rates for astrocytomas in children vary widely based on these factors:


Why choose St. Jude for your child’s astrocytoma treatment?

Contact the Brain Tumor Team any time, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Call our Brain Tumor Coordinator, Tabatha E. Doyle, RN:
(901) 595-2544 or
(901) 595-4599

Or email us at braintumors@stjude.org

 

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