Disease Information

Hematologic Disorders: Aplastic Anemia

Alternate Names: anemia-secondary aplastic, acquired aplastic anemia

What is aplastic anemia?

In aplastic anemia, the bone marrow’s stem cells do not make enough new blood cells. Most often, all three types of blood cells are affected:

Rarely, just one of the cell types is affected.

Although aplastic anemia affects how many blood cells the body produces, the few that do mature and enter the bloodstream are normal.

Aplastic anemia is associated with some cancers and cancer treatments, but it is not considered a type of cancer.

How common is aplastic anemia?

Aplastic anemia is a rare disease that occurs in only one to two people per million each year. That’s 300 to 600 new cases across all age groups in the U.S.

Risk of aplastic anemia is higher among those who are:

What are the symptoms of aplastic anemia?

Symptoms of aplastic anemia include:

How is aplastic anemia treated?

Treatment for aplastic anemia may include blood transfusion, stem cell/bone marrow transplant and medicines to treat the associated cancer and the side effects of those medicines.

What are the survival rates for aplastic anemia?

Based on cancer registry data, the overall five-year survival rate is about 80% for patients younger than age 20 who have a stem cell / bone marrow transplant.

Why choose St. Jude for your child’s aplastic anemia treatment?


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