Related Topics
 

Disease Information

Leukemias / Lymphomas: Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Alternate Names: AML, ANLL, acute myelocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia

What is acute myeloid leukemia?

In Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), white blood cells, produced in bone marrow, are abnormal and do not become healthy cells. These abnormal cells crowd out the normal ones, so the patient’s body has a harder time fighting off infection.


How common is acute myeloid leukemia?


What are the symptoms of acute myeloid leukemia?

If your child has AML, the following symptoms may be present:


How is acute myeloid leukemia treated?

Chemotherapy (“chemo”) is the primary AML treatment:

Doctors look at several factors to decide which medications to use and how aggressive treatment should be. Some of these factors include the child’s age and the child’s white blood cell count before treatment.

Expect your child’s AML treatment to include two phases:

St. Jude investigators have pioneered methods to detect a very small number of leukemia cells that stay in the bone marrow after the completion of the induction therapy. These methods can detect a single AML cell among 1,000 normal cells. Children who have more than one cell in 1,000 after completing the induction phase are at the greatest risk of relapsing.


What are the survival rates for acute myeloid leukemia?


Why choose St. Jude for your child’s leukemia treatment?

 

The St. Jude Web site is designed for educational purposes only and is not engaged in rendering medical advice or professional services. The information provided through this site should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. It is not a substitute for professional care. If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.