Types of Brain Tumors

Astrocytoma / Glioma

Astrocytomas are tumors that arise from brain cells called astrocytes. Gliomas originate from glial cells, most often astrocytes.

Atypical Teratoid / Rhabdoid Tumor (ATRT)

This rare, high-grade tumor occurs most commonly in children younger than 2.

Choroid Plexus Tumor

The choroid plexus papilloma is a rare, benign tumor most common in children under the age of 2.


Craniopharyngioma is a tumor found on or near the brain.

Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG)

The brain stem consists of the midbrain, pons and medulla located deep in the posterior part of the brain.


An ependymoma is a rare type of primary brain or spinal cord tumor. Ependymomas are found throughout the central nervous system in the supratentorial (top of the head), posterior fossa (back of the head) and spinal compartments.


These rare, benign tumors arise from ganglia-type cells, which are groups of nerve cells.

Germ Cell Tumors (Brain)

Different types of germ cells give rise to different types of tumors, including germinoma, embryonal carcinoma, endodermal sinus tumor and teratoma.

Gliomatosis Cerebri

This condition is similar to glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), but the cells of gliomatosis cerebri are more scattered and widespread.


Medulloblastoma is a cancerous tumor—also called cerebellar primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)—that starts in the region of the brain at the base of the skull, called the posterior fossa.


Oligodendrogliomas arise from oligodendrocytes, a type of supportive brain tissue.