Procedures, Tests and Sedation

"Do you know ..." is an educational series for patients and their families.

Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy

Bone marrow is the soft tissue in the center of many bones of your body. Its function is to make blood cells. Your child may need to have a bone marrow test done for several reasons.

Bowel prep for contrast enema

Your child has been scheduled for a colon exam in the X-ray department. Your child will need to clean out his colon the day before arriving for the appointment.

Collecting Urine Cultures from Children and Teens

At times the doctor may need to check your child's urine for bacteria (germs that can cause infection). To perform this test, a sample of your child's urine must be collected.

Collecting Urine Cultures from Infant Boys

At times the doctor may need to check your child's urine for bacteria (germs that can cause infection). To perform this test, a sample of your child's urine must be collected.

Collecting Urine Cultures from Infant Girls

At times the doctor may need to check your child's urine for bacteria (germs that can cause infection). To perform this test, a sample of your child's urine must be collected.

Incentive spirometer

Taking deep breaths will fill your lungs with air and help exercise your lungs.The incentive spirometer is a breathing device that will help you see how well you are doing with taking deep breaths to keep your lungs healthy.

Iron overload evaluation

Your doctors have asked you to come to St. Jude for an iron overload evaluation. People who receive red blood cell transfusions often can have too much iron in their bodies.

Keeping track of your child in surgery

When your child is scheduled for surgery, we understand how hard it is not knowing where your child is after coming to the surgery area. That’s why St. Jude has “Makin’ Trax.”

NPO – No food or drink before surgery

If your child is going to have general anesthesia to help her sleep through surgery, you should know the hospital’s NPO policy.

NPO – No food/drink before non-surgical procedures

If your child is going to have anesthesia or sedation to help her sleep through a procedure or Diagnostic Imaging (DI) test, you should know the hospital’s NPO policy.

Nasopharyngeal wash

For patients with weak immune systems, a runny nose, cough, and congestion can be signs of an infection caused by a virus (germs that can pass from one person to another). To identify the virus, we must collect a sample of the cells from the nasopharynx. A nasopharyngeal wash is used to help loosen the cells so it is easier to collect the sample.

Oximeter

An oximeter is a machine that measures the oxygen saturation in your child's blood. This number tells the staff if your child is getting enough oxygen to her cells.

Positive Expiratory Pressure (PEP) therapy

Taking deep breaths will fill your lungs with air and help exercise your lungs. A positive expiratory pressure (PEP) breathing device uses exercises that cause you to breath in and out to keep your lungs healthy.

Sitz Bath

Sitz baths are a form of hydrotherapy (water therapy), which increases the blood flow to the pelvis and abdominal area. Perineal hygiene is the primary reason for using this type of bath when the area is tender and inflamed.

Stimate® challenge

Stimate® is a medicine that we can use to help stop bleeding in patients with von Willebrand disease and sometimes for patients with mild or moderate Hemophilia A. Stimate® is a nasal spray that contains the drug desmopressin acetate.

Timed urine collections

Urine samples are collected frequently for various laboratory tests ordered by the medical staff. These tests tell the medical team how well your child's kidneys are working.

Treatment risks if pregnant

Sometimes medical treatments can delay the start of menstrual periods. However, a girl can still become pregnant even if she has never had a period or has stopped having periods because of medical treatments.