Disease Information

Brain Tumor: Germ Cell Tumors (Brain)

Alternate Names: Embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, germinoma, intracranial germ cell tumor, teratoma, mixed germ cell tumors

What is a germ cell brain tumor?

Germ cell brain tumors are tumors, usually cancerous, that arise in the pineal or suprasellar region of the brain.

Different types of these germ cells cause different types of tumors, including the following:

These tumors start and grow mainly in two areas in the center of the brain:

However, a germ cell brain tumor can spread to other parts of the brain and spine including into the cerebrospinal fluid.

How common is a germ cell brain tumor?

What are the symptoms of a germ cell brain tumor?

If your child has a germ cell brain tumor, the symptoms that occur depend on its location.

Tumors in the pineal region of the brain can cause these symptoms:

Tumors in the suprasellar region of the brain can cause these symptoms:

How is a germ cell brain tumor treated?

Most germ cell tumors are treated with chemotherapy or a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

What are the survival rates for germ cell brain tumors?

Why choose St. Jude for your child’s germ cell brain tumor treatment?

Contact the Brain Tumor Team any time, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Call our Brain Tumor Coordinator, Tabatha E. Doyle, RN:
(901) 595-2544 or
(901) 595-4599

Or email us at braintumors@stjude.org


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