Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT)

What exactly do dietitians do? Are they really a part of the medical team?

  • Dietitians provide nutrition services/Medical Nutrition Therapy to patients who are referred by their physician. They work with the medical team to assess the patient's nutritional needs and develop a care plan.
  • Patients with a variety of conditions and illnesses can improve their health and quality of life by receiving medical nutrition therapy.
  • During an MNT intervention, RDs counsel clients on behavioral and lifestyle changes required to impact long-term eating habits and health.
  • Medical Nutrition Therapy includes:
    • Performing a comprehensive nutrition assessment including weight, height, BMI (Body Mass Index) status, review of labs, and determining the nutrition diagnosis.
    • Planning and implementing a nutrition intervention using evidence-based nutrition practice guidelines may include diet counseling, suggestions for improvement, and/or specialized treatments.
    • Monitoring and evaluating an individual’s progress over subsequent visits with the RD.

RDs provide MNT and other nutrition services for a variety of diseases and conditions including:

  • Cardiovascular Diseases: hypertension, dyslipidemia, congestive heart failure
  • Diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, Gestational
  • Disease Prevention: general wellness
  • GI Disorders: celiac disease, cirrhosis, Crohn’s disease
  • Oncology/Cancer including bone marrow transplant patients;HIV/AIDS
  • Food allergy
  • Nutritional Support: oral, enteral, parenteral
  • Pediatrics: infant/child feeding for growth and development, failure-to-thrive, inborn errors of metabolism, etc.
  • Pulmonary Disease: COPD, cystic fibrosis
  • Renal Disease: insufficiency, chronic failure, transplantation
  • Weight Management: overweight/obesity, bariatric surgery, eating disorders
  • Women’s Health: pregnancy, lactation, osteoporosis, anemia